Extra Cash. When you’re short of money, financial experts usually advise you to respond by tightening your belt. Little luxuries, such as a daily latte or cable TV, are usually the first expenses to be slashed from the budget in an effort to make ends meet. But if you can find a way to supplement your regular paycheck with a passive income stream, the extra income can allow you to enjoy these simple pleasures again without going into debt.
Being a successful blogger is a lot harder than it looks. Being able to consistently generate enough quality content to earn a loyal and enthusiastic audience separates the men from the boys and Jitendra is clearly one of the up and coming young men in the global blogosphere. He has the passion and tireless drive it takes to cover all of the bases and continually deliver fresh, valuable information that helps his readers make money and keep coming back for more
Email marketing is the practice of nurturing leads and driving sales through email communications with your customers. Like social media, the goal is to remind users that you’re here and your product is waiting. Unlike social media, however, you can be a lot more aggressive with your sales techniques, as people expect that email marketing will contain offers, product announcements and calls to action.
1. The great thing about affiliate marketing is that you don’t need a website to do it well. Having a site of your own is completely optional when it comes to affiliate marketing. You don’t need a sales letter, squeeze page or site to make a great start. After positive cash flow is achieved you can hire these things done if you want to begin building a list and take your efforts to another level, but that is only one option.
I obviously think that a good price point and lifelong cookies are ideal, but I also think that the product has to be really valuable – really offer the person I’m sending something that they can use and will be happy with. I personally remember the people who point me to valuable products, and I trust them more for future products. It’s not just a matter of ethics (although that’s a big part of it) but it’s also a matter of future sales!

I would honestly just start with Amazon if you’re looking to sell toys. As your website gets more traffic, you can start looking into other retailers. Once you have traffic and some conversion data from Amazon, you will likely be able to broker private affiliate retails with a few toy retailers. You may even be able to help them set up better funnels in general that lead to better conversions. Once you have the traffic and conversion data, you’re in a much better place to negotiate
At any rate, understand that nobody could deny the huge potential and thus the market for VR focused products and services. Mark Zuckerberg, announced that Facebook is launching a new virtual reality headset that would ship next year. He confirmed that although it is already too late for this holiday season, the launch would be likely ahead of the rivals.
Seth Godin recently wrote a post on marketing ethics at his blog that has marketers talking. I applaud Seth's passion and his clever way of addressing marketing ethics in his book "All Marketers are Liars." It's a topic our profession needs to dialogue on and care about. I realize that business ethics books don't sell very well, so I'll keep this short and hope you'll look at Seth's post.

Cold calling is a very inefficient way to get leads, no doubt about that. And it’s not fun either! It sounds like the money you spent on learning how to advertise online is not yielding a return. I might suggest reviewing that material again as sometimes we pick up on things the second time around, and then trying one technique for a few weeks to see how that works.
Never place banner ads for similar products on your sidebar: Banner ads work as a recommended product.  With multiple similar products, you are confusing your readers in their decision of which product to buy. It is a good idea to place products that are related to a certain niche within that particular niche. For example, in a blog post about WordPress tips you can place a banner ad for: Themes, Plugins, Hosting, Services, etc.
The CouchSurfing platform is a great example of what an online community entails. By uniting like-minded people that share the same passion and vision of traveling the world, CouchSurfing has created a movement that’s bigger than the brand itself. While building an engaged community is one part of the exercise, equally important is finding ways to monetize it.
But don’t ignore other factors that are relevant to success – you should always keep user-friendliness in mind. Clear and organized navigation has to be your first priority: the visitor has to be able to use the page intuitively and quickly, and easily find their way around. A website can still look and be innovative, but if there are shortfalls in the usability, users won’t spend much time reading it. The same principle also applies to mobile optimization: you should make the design of the mobile site sleeker and simpler so that mobile users can navigate the site as easily as possible.
This works out pretty good for a marketer when referred user signup for their monthly billing. Their affiliate team is also very responsive & will offer you all the materials such as swipe copies, social media updates to make the sales happen for you. Their affiliate program is available only for Leadpages customer. This actually makes sense, because you can’t really write genuine words for a product which you haven’t used.
WARNING: Amazon doesn’t take kindly to cloaking affiliate links, if you do and they find out, it can result in expulsion from their affiliate program. Make sure you’re making use of the Uncloaking feature in our plugin ThirstyAffiliates which lets you track and manage all your Amazon affiliate links, but still satisfy their program’s stricter terms of service surrounding link cloaking.
Great article. However, I disagree with this statement “There is absolutely no point in joining these affiliate program when your web traffic is low” to an extent. While the logic may seem to be there you can in fact pay for traffic to drive them to squeeze pages that then lead them to a sales page to lets say a jvzoo offer. But overall great article. I wonder what your opinion is on that? Taking a jvzoo offer building your own squeeze page and sending paid traffic such as solo ads.
2. We will NOT be held responsible for any search engine penalties your website may receive if you don’t follow search engine’s guidelines, including (but not limited) to spammy comments, heavy and spammy linking from guest posts, spammy guest blogging, publishing poor quality content with a sole intent to gain backlinks, buying or exchanging backlinks, etc.
Writing enhancement software is built to guarantee written content is error-free, effective, and understandable. It is utilized by all types of writers—from students to content managers and professionals in various fields—for writing messages, documents, emails, and social media posts. The software reviews the copy for any lapses in spelling, grammar, punctuation, style mistakes, and word…
Find out what your competitors are doing on the Web. Spend a few days checking out how your competitors are using the Web. Analyze each site. How does the site help tell the world about that company's products or services; is it easy to use; is it enjoyable to use; does it add value to the company's customer service; is it integrated with the company's other marketing efforts.
So if you're new in affiliate marketing and you try to follow the easy go lucky pit that most unsuccessful affiliate marketers follow, then you're definitely on the wrong track. But we're not advising you to stop right there. No. Rather, we want you to take some steps to make your affiliate program work better and gain more commissions for you. How? Here are a few guidelines that may help you to continually grow your affiliate checks:
Albums. Once you’ve written and arranged your songs, you need to record them. If you don’t already have a band to cover all the musical parts, you need to form one – and once you do, those musicians will all get a cut of the sales from your album if it’s a success. Next, you need to book a studio for a recording session – or else spend a lot of money on equipment to set up a home studio that can produce a professional-quality recording. And once you have all the tracks laid down, you need to spend some time picking and choosing the cuts you want to go onto the album, possibly editing them digitally or even going back into the studio to re-record them.
Given that I am still in reading and preparation phase, I am mainly interested to overlap my niche with real life interests so I could have motivation to produce content on regular basis. Two that I am highly interested are PC parts and Fitness. I am aware they are too general subjects with lot of sites doing the same, but my idea is to produce constant review on PC parts, Laptops, Mobile devices, Accessories all in different categories, create lists like top5 or 10 under XX budget etc. Similar approach I would use if I I decide to go with Fitness path and divide content training advice, review of fat loss methods, supplementation, nutrition etc. I am aware that this will be a long journey and that it can pass few months before sales start to kick in and that’s the risk I am ready to take. My questions are:
“Market Health is among the best performing affiliate programs that we work with, furthermore Market Health are very helpful and creative when it comes to attracting new customers and keeping customers coming back. This makes your job as an affiliate much easier. Market Health is by far the most active affiliate program partner we have ever worked with. And best of all - the people who run the MarketHealth.com Affiliate Program are cool guys ;-)”
As shown in the graph, the top 20 affiliate categories are Fashion, Sports & Outdoors, Health / Wellness & Beauty, Travel, Home & Garden, Computers & Electronics, Education & Training, Business, Financial & Insurance, High-End & Luxury Stores, Entertainment, Malls & Department Stores, SaaS, Auto & Motor, Gifts & Flowers, Books & Magazines, Baby & Toddler, Vision Care, Jewelry, Art and Photography.
Faster Lead Generation. Apart from facilitating a placements marketplace and providing pay-per-call solutions to promote products in a variety of distribution channels, CJ Affiliate also has lead generation options. This allows publishers who want to generate better revenue to connect with advertisers who are interested in going beyond traditional affiliate sales to boost their business.
Social media marketing and content marketing strategies doesn’t just happen by coincidence. Online marketing is a full-time job. Managing the company’s social media profile should not left to the intern, just as off page optimization should not be forgotten about until Friday afternoon. Implementing a marketing strategy, which also benefits the company, doesn’t happen automatically and is not a task that should be given to an amateur.
Turn your passion into a thriving online business with Wealthy Affiliates. Simply follow their proven process easy to use tools to launch a website, attract visitors, and most importantly, earn revenue. Wealthy Affiliate was created by Kyle and Carson, who in 2005, launched the Wealthy Affiliate platform to help other people succeed online. Since then Wealthy Affiliate community has grown to over 800,000 internet entrepreneurs. 
The topic you choose must have enough depth that you can create a lot of content for it. This is important for building an authoritative site, for search engine optimization, and most importantly, for the end user. If you don't have enough content about a topic, you're not going to be taken very seriously as an authority on the topic and it's unlikely you can convince someone to make a purchase from you. 
Under no circumstances should any information from this blog be used as replacement for professional financial advice. DollarSprout.com is owned by VTX Capital, LLC and neither are licensed by or affiliated with any third-party marks on this website and third parties do not endorse, authorize, or sponsor our content except where clearly disclosed. DollarSprout.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.
Thank You for the great info, one question I have is how do you incorporate affiliate links with PPC, build a completely new affiliate site per product I promote then drive traffic to that and then hope that the mini site converts or is there another way? Nice blog btw I like the font, layout, and very organized. Will join the DOE soon just gotta set aside a budget first its not just your site and the membership fee’s of like 200 but the cost of solo’s itself. BTW If you could, could you please tell me how DOE works after membership, is it like 20 cents per click or a ball park price per solo, etc..? Thanx Charlie
Some of the opportunity in this niche is going to be referring people to luxury brands that have higher order values than we might seen on Amazon. I can’t disclose the person or the site, but one of my colleagues is in one of these niches and reported significant revenue increases from testing other affiliate programs against Amazon–before Amazongeddon.
Advertiser Disclosure: The credit card offers that appear on this site are from credit card companies from which MoneyCrashers.com receives compensation. This compensation may impact how and where products appear on this site, including, for example, the order in which they appear on category pages. MoneyCrashers.com does not include all credit card companies or all available credit card offers, although best efforts are made to include a comprehensive list of offers regardless of compensation. Advertiser partners include American Express, U.S. Bank, and Barclaycard, among others.
I would personally agree with linkshare.com as a great affiliate marketing platform to join as a publisher. Here’s why. Back in 2005 when I knew nothing about affiliate marketing and was using blogger.com as a free blogging platform without any experience whatsoever and joining Walmart.com as my first official affiliate program, I was able to insert Walmart affiliate in its in my blogger blog and earn a $72 commission. I was onto affiliate marketing for life from there.
Rest assured that your referrals are always in good hands at Software Advice. We have been helping business owners with their software selection since 2006 and have helped over 250,000 organizations to date. Our software experts provide great advice to our visitors and yours. Meanwhile, our extensive software vendors relationships means we all make money in the process.
Unlike many affiliate programs that go through 3rd party companies, our system will credit the sale to you regardless whether the customer bought directly from us, or through any of our partners or resellers. All licenses end up in our own central database, which also tracks affiliate sales. We do not inconvenience your audience by forcing them to buy through a particular reseller so you can earn your commission.
You don’t have to become a programming expert, but to be truly successful at running an affiliate marketing company, you need to understand some fundamental basics. Fortunately, if you start with a good foundation that includes a basic understanding of the concepts and the terminology used in this industry, you will be able to learn as you build your business. A favorite quote of mind comes to mind here…

If you’d prefer to skip the startup phase, you might want to buy a blog that’s already built and earning revenue. This is actually pretty easy to do as a lot of people start blogs, and then get bored with them. Getting a blog going is a labor-intensive process, and it’s not uncommon for people to give up before they’ve reached their full potential.


Additionally, TemplateMonster provides its partners with ready-made banners, plugins, widgets, showcases, and a number of other tools that affiliates can use for free. The progressive commission plan, life-long 5% cut for recurring affiliates, all-year-round active cookies, and a number of other advantages are delivered to the partners no matter when they join the program.
Blogs that cover consumables usually don’t have the same issue. If your blog is about laptops or mobile phones or PDAs or iPods or cars or sporting equipment or…you get the picture, there is a natural inclination of the reader to be a buyer. You generally don’t read a blog about cameras if you are not intending to buy a camera or camera accessories at some point in the near future.
Logan is a CPA with a Masters Degree in Taxation from the University of Southern California. He has been featured in publications such as Debt.com. He has nearly 10 years of public accounting experience, including 5 with professional services firm Ernst & Young where he consulted with multinational companies and high net worth individuals on their tax situations. He launched Money Done Right in 2017 to communicate modern ideas on earning, saving, and investing money. A year later, he launched Blogging Done Right to teach others how to create their own money-making blogs.
Hello, I just read your post. I am a public school teacher and I am trying to create additional income. I enjoyed your article because it provided some good information. I can’t help but think that you should get someone to help you edit your material for grammar mistakes. Please don’t take offense to this, I just think it would help your writing be more professional and polished.
While passive income isn’t always easy to come by, it is possible to create residual revenue streams — even as a beginner. Remember, not all options will make sense for you. And chances are you’ll find one that sounds the most promising. Not sure which that may be? The best way to find out is just to simply get started. Many of the options on this list are free or at least offer a free trial, which gives you a chance to try before you buy!
I just started doing affiliate marketing for Amazon and other sites like CJ and Rakuten. Am still a newbie and currently learning about AM and I must admit that your post did open my eyes especially on things like cookie duration, conversion rate, refund rate. I also did take note of Skimlinks and will definitely be checking out AffiloBlueprint. Thanks Ana!
These are the core basics of internet marketing and while this isn’t even close to being everything you need to know, these are the important basics to start off with. With this knowledge, you can begin really building your affiliate marketing business from the ground up. Mastering all these different basics of internet marketing will also give you an advantage over your competitors who are going after the get-rich-quick strategies, which of course don’t work. So start with the basics and make sure that you get a little support with the more complicated processes like SEO, and you’ll be surprised how big your business will be in just a year or two from now. Yes, I realize a year or two seems like a long time, but where will you be if you DON’T start now? Probably in the same place you are today! Instead, get started now and your future self will thank you.
While not entirely passive, YouTube monetization opportunity is quite a big deal. For those who have cracked the video production and editing process or those who’ve discovered a profitable niche—gamers, product reviewers or vloggers, for instance—can easily earn a passive income from the videos they’re already making. The key to succeeding on YouTube is creating content consistently and promoting it through other channels—your own blog, for example. Once YouTube notices that you’re uploading new, quality content on a constant basis, it will start showing your videos to people who are watching similar videos. That’s where the ad money will roll in.
User-Friendly Interface, Advanced Tool. An easy-to-manage interface created with users in mind, ReferralCandy can be connected to custom APIs, advanced integrations, third-party apps, as well as other eCommerce platforms. Meaning, you won’t have to worry about replacing your existing system just to find one that is compatible with this software solution.
For instance, generate traffic through Facebook, find out what portion of this traffic is behaving well on your site and show ads to only this portion via the Google Search Network. A concrete example would be to find out what services or products people who came from Facebook Ads bought. Step two would then be to make a list of the people who spent the most and show ads to those people on Google with a traditional Google Search Network Campaign.
And then there are those things called affiliate networks, which are also considered as good marketing tools. They basically make it simple for affiliates (publishers) to take part of the strategies that benefit their respective websites. These networks share their website resources that advertisers or merchants may employ in their advertising efforts. It’s a lot like a mutual relationship, with affiliates being to able to produce income by helping sellers broaden their customer reach through the affiliate network. These networks generate revenue two ways: through revenue sharing and fee for action. Affiliate networks are commonly used by publishers for free but may charge an initial fees or subsequent monthly charges. So don’t confuse affiliate networks with affiliate marketing software although some of these sites are often referred to as solutions. 

Im wanting to invest in some sort of real estate investment, to make a passive income and starting with 300 to 1k but im wanting to start making money, like at least 400 to 700 a month and i know there’s 100s of ways to make money, in real estate. But can you please suggest a real estate investment, for beginners and where i could starting earning at least 500 a month, as that’s got to be something and im not looking for yearly income?!
Advertiser Disclosure: The credit card offers that appear on this site are from credit card companies from which MoneyCrashers.com receives compensation. This compensation may impact how and where products appear on this site, including, for example, the order in which they appear on category pages. MoneyCrashers.com does not include all credit card companies or all available credit card offers, although best efforts are made to include a comprehensive list of offers regardless of compensation. Advertiser partners include American Express, U.S. Bank, and Barclaycard, among others.
To become one of the top affiliate marketers making that much money, you’re going to have to decide how you are going to promote your affiliate product. To be successful, you need to refer customers to the affiliate website, and to do that you need to select a way to promote them. There are number of ways to promote a product. Some are totally free and others might be somewhat costly. Here is a list of the 7 best affiliate marketing promotional methods:
Contrary to what some may believe, companies don’t need a never-ending budget in order to participate. With the right online marketing strategies, small and medium businesses are finding new ways to compete against the Goliaths. Even with a limited budget, companies are able to get creative and reach customers at each stage of the purchasing cycle. Whether a searcher is first considering a purchase or at the final stage before checkout, they will see your brand at every step of the way.
Although it has a dynamic and well-designed website, PeerFly has a limited range of offers at any given time (around 8,000). On the upside, it does offer good commission/payout rates, lots of FAQs and educational information, and regular contests and reward programs that can substantially increase your bottom line. Based on online customer reviews, Peerfly enjoys a very high reputation amongst participating affiliates.
For instance, Snapchat is incredibly popular with people under between 18-24, whereas LinkedIn is more popular with adult professionals in the 30-49 age. Some businesses, like studioSPACEnyc, even conduct most of their business activities through social media rather than their website. “If we look at the analytics of the website and how many people view my Instagram account, we’ll see 200 a day on Instagram and 15 on my website,” says CEO Jacob Fisher.
There are two characteristics that describe the variety of affiliate marketing programs out there: the types of offers and commissions. In today’s affiliate marketing the most popular types are game offers, casino offers, app offers, dating offers and nutra offers. The most in-demand commission types are CPA and CPI, but pay-per-click is also available through affiliate programs. Affiliate marketing programs, most of which are free to join, can also either be very general (for example Amazon Associates) or focused on highly specific areas such as Fitness, Beauty, Retail, Crypto and Travel.
Jitendra Vaswani is the founder of SchemaNinja WordPress Plugin, prior to SchemaNinja he is the founder of big internet marketing blog BloggersIdeas.com. He is successful online marketer & award winning digital marketing consultant. He has been featured on HuffingtonPost, BusinessWorld, YourStory, Payoneer, Lifehacker & other leading publication as a successful blogger & digital marketer. Jitendra Vaswani is also a frequent speaker & having 5+ yrs experience of in Digital Marketing field. Check out his portfolio( jitendra.co). Find him on Google+, Twitter, & Facebook.
Recurring affiliate programs are definitely the way to make serious income online. If you can add high paying affiliate programs, then you will notice a big increase in your monthly revenue which will allow you to go full time if that is your ambition. Harsh has a good list of programs in the internet marketing field but there are residual programs in many other niches such as health and beauty. So no matter what the topic of your blog/site, look out for some form of recurring income otherwise you are really missing out.
Track Your Affiliate Program On-The-Go. Built with marketers in mind, this software solution boasts a mobile-friendly interface to help entrepreneurs, freelancers, and executives monitor their campaign’s progress wherever they are and whenever they want. The platform itself is developed to fit the screen of different devices, so you won’t have to make room in your mobile’s storage for a separate application.

Choose a distinct segment, best-seller product that appeals to the bulk of your readers. Ideally, it ought to be a product you actively use or have an honest understanding of a way to use. If you are not quite positive that tool to settle on from an inventory of market competitors, investigate ratings on review sites to visualize however real users feel regarding it.
Hi Logan, thanks for perfect article on passive income theme! I am a newbie in this passive income thing but everything I read here seems obvious to me. Why not create a passive income, right? So I started googling about making passive income via internet because I like things connected to the web and I think that this will be a huge thing (it already is) and I found this article which seems that is probably very new but in the ebook there are great informations about passive income, at least in my POV (newbie POV). Is this a legit website or can it actually work? I want to expand on that because my 9 – 5 s*cks… Here is the URL: https://cashwithoutjob.online

AffTrack is a platform focused on tracking the clicks on your affiliate links. More than a tracking system, it helps businesses of all sizes power their network through applications offering prospect management CRM, device targeting, geo targeting, suppression file management, free proxy detection, and invoicing. With its customizable interface and complete selection of functionalities, you wouldn’t have to worry about finding additional integrations to make sure it suits your existing system. To utilize their platform, you may choose from their five pricing plans. It ranges from $99 to $799 a month that is differentiated by the number of clicks it can track–with 100,000 clicks being the smallest and unlimited being the largest.


Most credit card companies offer sign-up bonuses to entice you to open a credit account with them. As long as you don’t spend money just to hit the minimum balance and always pay your balance on time, this can have a minimal impact on your credit score while earning you hundreds – or even thousands – of dollars a year. Some of the best travel credit cards offer 100,000 points to new accounts when you meet reasonable spending requirements.
Continuously analyze your Web traffic and other e-metrics to learn and improve. Find out how people are getting to your site and what they're doing once they get there. Any good Web site statistics software package will tell you how many people are going to your site, what pages they're viewing, what search engines they're coming from and more. If you're using a Web development firm, make sure that they  review this with you on no less than a quarterly basis. Find out what's working and what's not. Redesign your site to make it more effective for your users and for reaching your desired objectives (e.g., get leads, sales, etc.). Integrate your on-line and off-line information to provide a more complete picture of customers and prospects.   
And while real estate is an excellent option, it does require a significant initial investment, so whether or not this passive income stream is right for you depends on your current financial situation. You might be better off starting with an investment strategy where you can build funds until you have a big enough sum to get involved in real estate.
Thought to drop by and watch video on 15 proven ways to affiliate marketing ..you know I discounted solo ads thinking of them like traffic exchange mail outs..but I understand to value them as a ezine ad not just a quick headline type procedure..I guess that is why you pay for what you receive. I do look forward to joining DOE hopefully in the next fortnight all goes well.
Given the growth in the sharing economy, your junk can start to pay for itself. For example, if you have some awesome vintage furniture inherited from your grandmother sitting in a storage unit, you can rent this out to photographers for their “styled shoots” which are becoming all the rage. If your furniture is more modern but you still can’t bear to get rid of it – perhaps a home stager will be interested.
Flynn has created many different products. While his LEED exam is what got him started, he has both earned a commission from selling other people’s products and offered a commission to others who would sell his wares, and also recently created his first software, SmartPodcastPlayer.com, after realizing that most online podcast players offered only the basic stop/start/volume features. He hired a development team to create a superior one, which was a success from day 1. “We sold out 250 beta licenses in less than 24 hours, because I was addressing a need but also, I had built up an audience and trust with them … When you build that amount of trust with your audience, whatever you come out with, they will love.”
“There is no such thing as 100% passive income,” says Flynn. “Even with real estate you still have to manage your properties, or even with the stock market, which is potentially passive income, you still have to manage your portfolio. With online business, there is no such thing as 100% passive income — and this is coming from a guy with a blog called SmartPassiveIncome.com. The definition of passive income is ‘building these businesses of automation,’ but in order to keep them automated and keep that trust going with your audience on top of that, you do have to keep it up every once in a while — so a lot of time upfront and a little time after. But there is alway time involved.”
This online marketing strategy includes both paid and unpaid features on social networks like Google+, Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Pinterest and more. Brands can choose to post interesting and engaging articles from their own site or others for free or pay to position their posts in front of a very specific audience. Social media networks are extremely valuable resources as they allow customers to easily share interesting content with other like-minded individuals. 

This can be a little easier said than done, but if you have a large social media following, you can definitely earn money promoting a product or advertising for a company. You can even combine this with different marketing campaigns if you are an influencer and have your own blog (advertisement + affiliate income). This is how many bloggers make money! Again, it is not 100% passive but once set up correctly and then scaled, can be surprisingly lucrative.
At any rate, understand that nobody could deny the huge potential and thus the market for VR focused products and services. Mark Zuckerberg, announced that Facebook is launching a new virtual reality headset that would ship next year. He confirmed that although it is already too late for this holiday season, the launch would be likely ahead of the rivals.
Previously known as Affiliate Window but now officially referred to as “AWIN” after acquiring Zanox a few years ago, this network claims to work with over 13,000 active advertisers and 100,000 publishers (affiliates). Founded in Germany, AWIN’s merchants primarily hail from Europe (especially Great Britain) although the U.S. network is growing rapidly. AWIN is currently active in 11 countries.
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