I’ve put together a free 7 day fast-start guide to earning your first dollar online. Go access this free affiliate marketing training. You’ll discover why internet marketing is by far the funnest and easiest way to earn passive income each and every month. Please note that I did not use the word ‘job’. There’s plenty of work involved but it will never feel like a job to you.

Rather than put in a half-hearted effort I wanted to be genuine and recommend something I knew was good, which I had used myself, from someone I respected and wasn’t too expensive (I didn’t think my readers had a lot of money at the time). I wrote my blog post, talked about how good the product was, used a little bit of scarcity because I thought the product offer was due to finish at the end of the month (turns out it wasn’t), published the article and then went to bed.
There are many comments about it being impossible to break into real estate with little money, or needing help from the bank of mommy and daddy. It is possible. I bought my first property, a multifamily, 6 months after graduating college, with a garbage job I got 3 months before and barely 7k in the bank. It’s now two years later and I’ve purchased a second this summer. Regarding management, I self-manage like most ‘small time’ landlords. Unless you own a massive apartment buidling, there’s no need to professional managment. Like another comment mentioned, I’ve only ever gotten heating issues or other minor things, for which I have a handyman to take care of. Aside from that, it’s fairly passive IMO. Dividend investing doesn’t require 100k either. It’s just an example the author used. I invest un securities with dividends ranging from 2-12%, and hedge/balance according to risk. Higher dividend % isn’t always better, but there are some good deals you can find. I think the key is to realize that you don’t need to stick to just one form of passive investment. Sure, 10 properties sounds daunting, and a $1M portfolio seems impossible, but you can combine both, as well as other passive income strategies. And ofc, the more risk you are willing to take on, the higher the potential reward (and loss). I day/swing trade, but wouldn’t advise this. It’s also not passive, I spend a massive amount of time researching and analyzing the technicals, but it’s worth it for now, as I’m fairly consistnet with profits. I have not tried blogging, and am not sure I’d be any good at it. I dabbled in ecommerce but found it was too time consuimg, but I know people who were able to quit their 9-5s from ecommerce. I’m sure no matter how much debt you have (i have 30k unsecured debt) or how little you think you make, there is a way to start investing today, even if it’s starting small.

Vanguard: Vanguard has a minimum of $50,000 and a fee of 0.3%. Rebalancing is done automatically once every quarter and tax loss harvesting is done on a client-by-client basis. We included Vanguard because clients who invest between $50,000-$500,000 have access to a team of financial advisors. Those with accounts over $500,000 will have a dedicated advisor.
A typical online marketing mistake is losing sight of the content’s quality when deciding on the scope of the marketing campaign. In the last few years, content marketing has proved itself as being a lot more sustainable in comparison to traditional advertising such as TV commercials and advertising banners. Every marketer should be aware that more and more inbound methods are being used in online marketing. This means that the content is structured so well that users search for it themselves rather than potential customers needing to be found so it can be sent to them. Therefore, the focus should be on high-quality, interesting, and informative content that offers value to the reader. By positioning yourself as the expert in your own subject area, you gain the target group’s trust.
1. The great thing about affiliate marketing is that you don’t need a website to do it well. Having a site of your own is completely optional when it comes to affiliate marketing. You don’t need a sales letter, squeeze page or site to make a great start. After positive cash flow is achieved you can hire these things done if you want to begin building a list and take your efforts to another level, but that is only one option.
The standard online campaign is expected to sell products profitably. This is also referred to as "single sale campaigns" because each sale is meant to be profitable. These campaigns can turn out to be unprofitable due to rising advertising costs and price wars. One solution is to make it profitable with upsells and the life time value of a newly acquired customer.
Colmex Pro is the leading European Regulated CFD Broker. Offering Tier 2 CFD’s, as well as Live Equities, Indices, Commodities, Futures, and Forex, Colmex Pro offers nearly every investment vehicle available on the US Stock Market to international day traders. Coupled with their partner’s educational packages and trade room access Colmex Pro offers investors the best opportunity to grow and learn how to day trade successfully. CPA up to $1000
So it’s awesome to hear you’re out there promoting other programs. When it comes to those in-house programs, I absolutely agree. One reason I think they’re incredibly lucrative is just the flexibility that you have with them. You’ll usually be dealing with decision makers that can make special changes to their funnel to meet your website needs even better. I’ve known affiliates that have even helped these in-house programs with their CRO to get better conversions. Definitely not the kind of access you’re going to get with the Amazon Associates program

But then figure out your unique selling proposition, what advantage you can offer that the market currently lacks. “My advantage in the passive income marketing space is that I’m not afraid to share my failures or where my income comes from,” says Flynn, who details his impressive income every month. “Transparency is huge,” he says. Referring to the personal bio on his LEED exam site, he says, “You might think I’m not benefitting from putting my story on there, but it helps me establish a relationship with people there. I’m someone who went through the same experience people went through on the site.”
ShareASale – is a business site that caters to all products with different categories. These include organic/green products down to any type of business services. However, they charge sign-up fees as well as fees for each sale. This is because they already have a solid market of affiliate marketers and a wide selection of product categories which means they can cater to many all types of businesses.
For example, the content on Super Weddings is useful whether you're organizing a wedding today or next year. All the content on the site is created accordingly. To make things easier for the audience, it is separated into categories to make it very convenient for the reader to find what they're looking for. This, of course, is also very good for SEO. 

A typical online marketing mistake is losing sight of the content’s quality when deciding on the scope of the marketing campaign. In the last few years, content marketing has proved itself as being a lot more sustainable in comparison to traditional advertising such as TV commercials and advertising banners. Every marketer should be aware that more and more inbound methods are being used in online marketing. This means that the content is structured so well that users search for it themselves rather than potential customers needing to be found so it can be sent to them. Therefore, the focus should be on high-quality, interesting, and informative content that offers value to the reader. By positioning yourself as the expert in your own subject area, you gain the target group’s trust.

LinkConnector imposes a very rigorous and lengthy screening process, so you’ll need to prove that you have a high-quality website and established audience before being accepted. Despite its somewhat schizophrenic approach, LinkConnector does have some very happy long-term affiliates. And their “naked links” allow for direct connection to the merchant website without having to be rerouted via LinkConnector, which will give your website an SEO boost.
It’s important to understand that passive income is not money earned for doing nothing. Creating a passive income stream takes work. A few sources of passive income, such as car wrap advertising or shopping apps, don’t take all that much work – but they don’t pay that much either. Passive income streams that can bring in enough money to live on, such as writing a book or owning and managing rental properties, require a major investment of time, effort, and sometimes cash.
Let me make myself very clear – SEO is how I have built and sustained my business. Yes, it is important to diversify your website traffic by using other sources such as social media, video content, and even paid advertising (when the time is right), but absolutely no traffic is cheaper and more targeted than search engine traffic. It is the holy grail of traffic and you should do everything you can to rank as many pages in as many search results as possible.
The last principle of our online marketing basics: never lose sight of the return on investment (ROI)! There is a simple calculation if you want to run a successful business: the benefit of an advertising measure must always be higher than the costs incurred. Online marketers use a special indicator to work this out – this is the return on investment. The ROI is used to measure the return on a business activity by showing the profit in relation to the capital invested.
I had to get out. I actually had this random Facebook ad come up in my news feed (go figure) and it eventually led me to a webinar that taught on how to start an email marketing business (which is, by the way, the most profitable form of affiliate marketing – or ANY marketing for that matter). I listened through the whole 2 hours, completely mesmerized. By the end of it, I knew what I was going to be focusing on to help my family out of the pit of debt we were in and into a world free of financial stress. I didn’t know if it would actually work, but eventually it lead to EXCESS income!
However, once affiliates know the damages that they inflict on those who buy WA after reading one of those fake reviews, it falls on them (cost of product, lost time, pain and suffering of failing to reach significant goals). Worse, WA’s Terms of Service puts all the legal weight on them, whereby they indemnify the company (for following the process, basically!)

It's easy to get started. As soon as you are accepted into the program you will be given access to our full Partner Portal where you can build the forms, links and other premium content to place on your website. We provide many easy-to-integrate options that will allow you to go live and start earning commissions right away. Contact our Partner Development Manager to get started today!
As each state is different, I can only tell you about federal requirements in general. A limited liability company (LLC) is composed of members. When an LLC is composed of only one member, by default, it is disregarded for federal income tax purposes. This means the member will report all the activities of the LLC in Schedule C, just as a sole proprietor would, and attach Schedule C to the member’s personal income tax return, or Form 1040.
Now that you’ve chosen your market, find a way to start sharing your message, whether it’s a blog or podcast or Youtube channel, or whatever platform makes the most sense for your target market. Flynn says this is where you’ll start to build a fan base — and collect subscriber emails. You don’t need to get the whole world to follow you to make this work out financially. Wired cofounder Kevin Kelly wrote an article about 1,000 True Fans, which basically says that if you have 1,000 people paying you $100 a year, that’s a $100,000 a year. “You don’t need to serve everybody,”  says Flynn.

Investing in rental properties: Another form of real estate investment, rental investments (i.e. becoming a landlord) could steer you down the passive income path of steady monthly rent checks that you can use to pay off a mortgage loan on the rental property. After the mortgage is paid off, those monthly checks go right into your bank account -- potentially for years to come. 


WordPress themes aren’t the only things for sale through the Envato Market. You can also sell stock photos through PhotoDune, stock footage through VideoHive, sound clips through AudioJungle, anything graphic related though GraphicRiver, web and app development resources through CodeCanyon, and 3D elements through 3dOcean. There are a huge amount of options here for anyone with the skills to create resources.
Irwin Dominguez, another e-commerce entrepreneur who generated $1-million in sales within eight months of starting his dropshipping business has put it best, “I can’t find a reason why people shouldn’t give e-commerce entrepreneurship a try. With all the technology out there, it costs no money to get started and it couldn’t be any simpler. You literally have nothing to lose. And I’m surprised more people don’t use this to their benefit.”  

The content you create must attract not only readers, but also search engines, which help your targeted market find you. To optimize your site for search engines, identify long-tail, or specific, keywords that relate to the topics of your content.  Then include the keywords in your content, page title, URL, and the H1 or header tag of your blogs and other content.
Social media marketing and content marketing strategies doesn’t just happen by coincidence. Online marketing is a full-time job. Managing the company’s social media profile should not left to the intern, just as off page optimization should not be forgotten about until Friday afternoon. Implementing a marketing strategy, which also benefits the company, doesn’t happen automatically and is not a task that should be given to an amateur.
Hi Henry. First off, thank you! I agree, relying on Google adsense to make money is tough especially if the traffic is not there. Affiliate marketing is definitely the way to go. I like to use Affiliate Marketing by writing about helpful products or courses. Show the value and then tell the readers why it can help them too. If the product/service can really help the reader they will more than likely make a purchase through your link. When looking for what affiliate programs you should apply to study your competition and use the tools in this article to see what links are affiliate links and consider applying for those programs. I had a couple of programs that did not accept me in the beginning but as my traffic increased I applied later and got accepted. So don’t get discouraged, just keep working on increasing your traffic so that you can apply again. I hope that helps.

Although this article has been written in 2007, now in Feb 2014, I still find it full of great advice and tips. What I learned from this article is that when writing a review I should focus on how this product helped me achieve X instead of simply repeating and enforcing the features and benefits of the product that can also be found on the sales page.


5 months ago, I decided to create my own online business. I was really exacted because It was always my dream to earn cash by working from home to be able to unite my family and to retire my father that had been working as a security far away from home. My family and I only used to see him three times a year. I would like to change it, and online business gave me a possibility to make my dream to become real. I really was committed to giving all my self to succeed in building a successful online business. As a matter of fact, I failed to do it on my own. I was so disappointed because it seems that I was born to fail. It was 22nd June at night, I was hearing a motivational speech, so one of the guys said,” Copy what successful people’s strategy as your own, and you will get the same result that they have”. That opened my mind because that was the secret, I did not realize that there are a lot of people in this marketing a year. So, I took some online courses from gurus. Following their steps. right now where am I? I am now a successful online business of 22 years old trying to retire his father. I really thank people a lot that have the mindset to share this priceless information in this blog. Indeed, thank you.
I’m a newbie and just stumbled into this article, which I find hugely informative. So thank you for writing this article. I’m close to finishing building my very first website and don’t have a domain yet, but have a question. Since affiliate program is considered a business, I’m wondering how do we set up a simple LLC one person company to separate our personal stuff from our online business stuff? Is there a simple reliable step-by-step guide we can follow, or does anyone here can advise with your own experiences? Thank you.
Search engine optimisation, or SEO, is often referred to as "organic marketing" and uses natural processes to promote your website on the search engine results page. SEO ensures that your website is in compliance with search engine best practice to deliver the most relevant content and best user experience. This can range from including certain keywords on a page to making sure that your website is organised in a clear and easy-to-use structure so that users don’t get confused. Get more information on steps to creating a Google-friendly website.
Thank You for the great info, one question I have is how do you incorporate affiliate links with PPC, build a completely new affiliate site per product I promote then drive traffic to that and then hope that the mini site converts or is there another way? Nice blog btw I like the font, layout, and very organized. Will join the DOE soon just gotta set aside a budget first its not just your site and the membership fee’s of like 200 but the cost of solo’s itself. BTW If you could, could you please tell me how DOE works after membership, is it like 20 cents per click or a ball park price per solo, etc..? Thanx Charlie

Get your Blank ATM DEBIT CARDS that works in all ATM machines, “Infinity Cards” has programmed some Cards that makes you withdraw money free from any ATM machines, Transfer, At Store. Min/Max daily withdraw – $5,000/$20,000, We sell the cards to Interested buyers, contact us on [email protected] or +19402266645, to get full details & the cards.
Under no circumstances should any information from this blog be used as replacement for professional financial advice. DollarSprout.com is owned by VTX Capital, LLC and neither are licensed by or affiliated with any third-party marks on this website and third parties do not endorse, authorize, or sponsor our content except where clearly disclosed. DollarSprout.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.
When it comes to online marketing basics, you can essentially break things down into four categories: search engines, content creation/distribution, social media and paid advertising. While your start-up’s clientele, products and services will dictate exactly how you should proceed, a solid online marketing strategy uses all of these efforts to a certain degree. Depending on the nature of your start-up, some strategies may be more lucrative than others.

If you want to add a little excitement to your passive income investing, meet Lending Club, the web-based peer-to-peer lending platform where investors looking for high-interest opportunities provide the funds for loans. You can earn interest rates in excess of 10 percent a year – about 10 times what you will earn on more conventional interest-bearing investments.
Also referred as Commission Junction, CJ is a large affiliate network offer affiliate programs for a wide range of popular and well-established organizations. This program acts as the intermediary between the merchants who will provide the products to sell and the affiliates who will do the marketing. This program is very advantageous as it provides very many affiliate programs at the same place.

What, exactly, is SEO? Simply put: SEO is paying attention to the factors that help your business rank when someone searches for a term related to your goods or services. For instance, if your home business offers event photography in the Phoenix, AZ region, you probably want to rank for search terms like “wedding photographers in phoenix” or “phoenix event photographers”.
Im wanting to invest in some sort of real estate investment, to make a passive income and starting with 300 to 1k but im wanting to start making money, like at least 400 to 700 a month and i know there’s 100s of ways to make money, in real estate. But can you please suggest a real estate investment, for beginners and where i could starting earning at least 500 a month, as that’s got to be something and im not looking for yearly income?!
Rest assured that your referrals are always in good hands at Software Advice. We have been helping business owners with their software selection since 2006 and have helped over 250,000 organizations to date. Our software experts provide great advice to our visitors and yours. Meanwhile, our extensive software vendors relationships means we all make money in the process.
ClixGalore is a pay-per-action affiliate network that offers various types of programs, including PPL (pay-per-lead), PPC (Pay-per-click), PPM (pay-per-impression) and PPS (pay-per-sale). Several well-known brands use this affiliate program, such as Citibanks and Fox sports Shop. The program also offers a two-tier network, in which bloggers can refer other affiliates to the network and receive a portion of their earnings.

The standard online campaign is expected to sell products profitably. This is also referred to as "single sale campaigns" because each sale is meant to be profitable. These campaigns can turn out to be unprofitable due to rising advertising costs and price wars. One solution is to make it profitable with upsells and the life time value of a newly acquired customer.
You also get to see specific details about each loan, including what the borrower is using it for, the state they live in, how long the pay-off period is, what the monthly payments are, and what rate the borrower will pay. It helps you get a better picture of what type of risk you’re exposing yourself to, and you get to take more control over your investment.
No Strings Attached. At the end of your 14-day free Tapfiliate trial, you can opt for the Essential subscription for $69, the Pro plan for $149, or the Enterprise subscription starting at $499; all on a monthly basis. After selecting a pricing plan, you can upgrade, downgrade, or cancel anytime, reassuring you that your business won’t be tethered to one subscription if you require simpler or more flexible features. Also, you get a 30-day money-back guarantee that starts after your free trial. Read their refund policy for more details.
After more than a decade experience with the commercial web, you’d think major marketers would consider the web more than an afterthought. However, evidence reveals many consumer marketers still can’t distinguish between a website, an ad or a brochure. While retailers like Wal-Mart, Lowes, Nordstrom and Circuit City get it, there are others that still seem confused. When clothing retailer Gap 

For some business owners, they’ll think of a website. Others may think of social media, or blogging. In reality, all of these avenues of advertising fall in the category internet marketing and each is like a puzzle piece in a much bigger marketing picture. Unfortunately, for new business owners trying to establish their web presence, there’s a lot of puzzle pieces to manage.
Rakuten Linkshare is one of the oldest affiliate partner networks that is gaining popularity very fast. To wade off competition as well as making it user-friendly, the platform come with some distinctive features. One of these features includes rotating different banner ads for specific products, making it easier to administer and optimize in the long run. Instead of having to select the ad, you would want to run on your blog manually; that will let multiple versions of ads rotate with a small piece of code.
Hi, I really love how detailed your article was, great job. I was reading over a few of your comments, and I noticed someone mentioned the6figurementors. I just wanted to drop a comment and let you know that, even though they make it sound like a huge opportunity, in reality after I researched there website for a few hours. I noticed that their whole logic is to get people to buy a membership, and then upgrade a membership to there best possible one which is very costly for most people. It pretty much seemed like it was all a sham just to earn the right to promote there 6 figure mentors program. The membership site was created and if you upgrade to there best membership they offer. You just gain the promoting right to earn commission by promoting the 6 figure mentors program. Which to me is way to costly to invest into. I might just be starting out with affiliate marketing with my blog. But I feel as if the 6 figure mentors website is really a big money gimmick to make the owners rich. Yeah you can promote high ticket products they offer. But at what cost? Really by the time you get to the point where you can promote their products. You are out thousands, maybe even more. I wouldn’t not recommend that program to anyone myself. I’m not saying there a scam. But they do sell it just like all the other big companies do. They make it sound like you will be rich over night. To me that’s exactly why I have chosen to avoid them. I can find plenty of high ticket affiliate products online for free. Why would I want to spend thousands just to promote there products. When I can search google and find helpful blogs just like this one. I just wanted to put that out there for you, and your readers. I hope that was ok. If not i apologize in advance. I know I am probably going at this affiliate thing wrong right now. But I was raised that you learn from your mistakes. I am trying my best to learn it. But I would truly like to say thank you. Because I am able to learn affiliate marketing more, because of blogs like this one. Awesome job and keep up the good work. If you don’t mind swinging by my website and letting me know If I am doing anything wrong thus far, with how I am promoting things please let me know. I would really like to fix my wrong doing early. Before I get to deep into it. I have like 6 or 7 posts so far on my blog. But would love to hear your expertise on if I am doing anything wrong. I have been training courses step-by-step and I have learned a lot I have got ranked in google and all that. But I haven’t had any luck so far with viewers commenting but maybe a few. So I just feel like I am doing something wrong here. If you get a chance please leave a comment and give me your opinion. Thank you and god bless 🙂
In the words of Robert Ramirez, SEO analyst and former legal Internet marketing specialist, “Your best shot at early success is to capture the traffic in your city.” This means structuring your pages and content in such a way to include specific keywords. To figure out the right keywords, ask yourself what you would search for if you required your own start-up's product or service.
Established in 1997, FOREX CLUB (the company) is the brand name for a group of companies that provides clients from over 120 countries with platforms and services for trading forex, CFDs and other online trading and educational products. We offer every client effective tools in training, analytics and education, as well as personal support where they want it. FOREX CLUB has over 650 employees worldwide.  In 2011 alone, over 45,000 traders chose to learn forex trading with us.  FOREX CLUB was one of the industry’s first to offer zero spread trading and commission refunds on all unprofitable trades.
I use a combination of blogging, email marketing and reviews to drive affiliate sales. Not all promotions involve all three methods, but in most cases the biggest profits are made when I combine all three in a cohesive campaign. In fact, my entire online business currently leverages these resources and using them alone I generate over $200,000 a year with no employees, and compared to some, I’m a small fry – there are millionaires out there that use just these tools.

When you see the phrase “passive income” in an article, it’s often referring to money earned from passive income investments, such as dividend-yielding stocks or peer-to-peer lending. However, investing is only one way of earning income when you’re not working. There are a variety of other ways to set up a passive income stream by putting in an initial investment of time, money, or both – and there are even a few that don’t take very much of either.
There is an entire marketing platform with consumers just waiting to discover your brand. Using data analysis and refinement tools, you can reach the most relevant and qualified customers. This means less wasted money and a higher rate of return on your online marketing investment. And with computers and tools doing most of the work for you, finding those qualified customers is just a click away.
WARNING: Amazon doesn’t take kindly to cloaking affiliate links, if you do and they find out, it can result in expulsion from their affiliate program. Make sure you’re making use of the Uncloaking feature in our plugin ThirstyAffiliates which lets you track and manage all your Amazon affiliate links, but still satisfy their program’s stricter terms of service surrounding link cloaking.

10. Commission FactoryThe purpose of Commission Factory was to make performance-based marketing available to everyone and not require a steep learning curve in order to get involved and be successful. The platform has been designed to foster a spirit of collaboration between Merchants, Affiliates and Agencies in order to grow mutually beneficial and prosperous relationships. Because they have little to no barriers to entry Commission Factory has an enormously fast growing user base that enables companies of all sizes to discover the power of performance marketing.

The easiest and most common way to start building an audience for a website is via social media. Depending on your niche and industry, you can choose from Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Pinterest and several other niche and location-specific networks. Building up an engaged and interested following on social media is a great opportunity to build relationships and once you have their trust, promote your products and services to them. 

Local audiences are looking at your website to provide them with information such as store hours, contact information, directions and more. Make this information easily accessible through design and content planning in order to drive the best results. According to a study on mobile users and local search, more than 60 percent of mobile adults prefer to use mobile devices for local search.

Hey. Yes you can use just one website to promote multiple affiliate programs, but I’d say that your website should focus on just one niche. So you mention, SellHealth, that would lead me to believe your site is about health and fitness. I would then advise you to stick to that niche rather than promoting unrelated products like dog leashes and fashion accessories.

1. A well-designed website. Design matters, especially when it comes to your website. This is because your website is the most powerful marketing tool for your business. In fact, poor or overdone Web design can get in the way of properly reaching your target audience and meeting business goals, resulting in an almost immediate loss in leads and revenue.
Impact (formerly Impact Radius) is an affiliate marketing platform that’s growing its market share. Today, an increasing number of advertisers are closing their in-house affiliate programs in favor of Impact Radius. So if you are a blogger or an affiliate marketer then sooner or later you will need an Impact Radius account. The best thing about Impact Marketplace is that you will find a lot of brands that you love to promote.
12. Avangate Avangate is a player in digital commerce that you may not be familiar with. Avangate, backed by a cloud platform, focuses on online commerce, subscription billing, and global payments for Software, SaaS and Online Services companies. More than 4000 digital businesses in over 180 countries trust Avangate including Absolute Software, Bitdefender, Brocade, FICO, HP Software, Kaspersky Lab, Telestream, Spyrix and CleverControl.

When writing this guide, we reached out to the marketer community to collect case studies and learnings about creative marketing strategies. Most of these examples are included throughout the guide, but some didn’t quite fit. So we included those loose ends here, from the perspective of four awesome marketers. What better way to wrap up this guide than with you, our community?


CPA marketing programs pay affiliates when a specific action is taken by the referral or lead. Common actions include clicks, impressions, form submits, sign-ups, registrations, or opt-ins. Since Cost-Per-Action models don’t necessarily involve a direct sale (and involve more risk taking) the payout percentages are far smaller than they are in Cost-Per-Sale.

We will NOT be held responsible for any search engine penalties your website may receive if you don’t follow search engine’s guidelines, including (but not limited) to spammy comments, heavy and spammy linking from guest posts, spammy guest blogging, publishing poor quality content with a sole intent to gain backlinks, buying or exchanging backlinks, etc.
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